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- Style - Joseph Williams
- Joseph M. Williams, Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics, 1933 – 2008
Most people won't realize that writing is a craft. You have to take your apprenticeship in it like anything else. To avoid changing the title of past editions, I added material under the headings of epilogue, appendix, and afterword, creating a hodge-podge of a book.
For full document please download. Transcript Ten Principles for Writing Clearly 1. Distinguish real grammatical rules from folklore pp. Use subjects to name the characters in your story pp. Use verbs to name their important actions pp. Open your sentences with familiar units of information pp. Push new, complex units of information to the end of the sentence pp.
Above all, write to others as you would have others write to you pp. English language—Style. English language—Technical English.
English language—Business English. English language—Rhetoric. Technical writing. Business writing. Bizup, Joseph, date-II. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. To obtain permission s to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc. You have to take your apprenticeship in it like anything else. I knew Joe, but I cannot base on that acquaintance any claim to editorial authority.
Instead, I was guided by the lessons Joe taught, especially those about the compact between writers and readers. Writers, Joe insisted, have a responsibility to their readers to write as clearly as they can; readers, in turn, owe to writers who fulfill this responsibility their full care and attention. It is because we all read into our own writing what we want readers to get out of it. In the care he gave this book over decades, Joe more than met his responsibility to his readers.
To the seventh edition, he added an epilogue on motivating readers, framing problems, and organizing documents. In the eighth edition, he expanded this material into two epilogues and drew an explicit connection between the principles governing the clarity of sentences and those governing the coherence of paragraphs, sections, and documents.
Now, rather than moving from sentence-level to document-level issues, the book follows the logic of its subtitle and proceeds from clarity to grace. I modified the exercises, trimming or eliminating some and adding others. I also rectified lingering inaccuracies where I found them. In the interest of concision, I trimmed some of the epigraphs and removed discussions of a few peripheral topics.
Finally, I did a fair amount of line editing. Joe explained the import of these questions in personal terms: The standard advice about writing ignores those questions. I also knew that as I did so, there were some principles I could rely on. This book explains them. Joe of course knew that every style, even the most transparent, is a choice. If the longevity of Style can be attributed to the advice that Joe gives, the affection the book inspires can be attributed to the solidarity with his readers that Joe shows.
The remaining words of this preface belong mostly to Joe. They are meant to help you predict how readers will judge your prose and then help you decide whether and how to revise it. As you try to follow those principles, you may write more slowly. Whenever we reflect on what we write as we write it, we become self-conscious and lose the flow of that writing, sometimes to the point of near-paralysis.
It passes. And you can keep these principles from gumming up your process if you remember that they have less to do with drafting than with revision. If there is a first principle of drafting, it is to ignore most of the advice about it. All grammatical terms are capitalized the first time they appear and are defined in the text or the Glossary. It can be uncomfortable to learn new terms, but the only way to avoid that is never to learn anything new.
Finally, if you read this book on your own, go slowly. It is not an amiable essay to read in a sitting or two. Take the lessons a few pages at a time. Do the exercises. Joseph Bizup Boston, Massachusetts Acknowledgments JB— Many people contributed to this edition, and it is my privilege to recognize them here.
Hoover, Milligan College; Andrew W. Lawson, University of Nebraska; Linda C. And I owe a tremendous debt to Greg Colomb, not only for his intellectual and professional guidance, but also for his friendship. Finally, I thank Annmarie, Grace, and Charlotte for the love and joy we share together. I share many of the debts Joe mentions in his acknowledgments, and I will let him name them himself. Sandra, Robin, Karen, and Lauren are used to indulging these absences, but they know they are always in my heart.
JMW from the ninth edition — So many have offered support and suggestions over the last twenty-five years, that I cannot thank you all.
But again I begin with those English students who put up with faintly dittoed pages that tells you how many years ago this book was born and with a teacher who at times was at least as puzzled as they.
I have learned from the undergraduate, graduate and professional students, and post-docs who have gone through the Little Red Schoolhouse writing program at the University of Chicago a. Advanced Academic and Professional Writing. I am equally grateful to the graduate students who taught these principles and offered good feedback.
I have intellectual debts to those who broke ground in psycholinguistics, text linguistics, and functional sentence perspective. The work of Eleanore Rosch has provided a rich explanation for why verbs should be actions and characters should be subjects. Her work in prototype semantics is a powerful theoretical basis for the kind of style urged here.
I am grateful for the feedback from the class taught by Stan Henning at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and for the error in usage caught by Linda Ziff. I am particularly indebted to an exchange with Keith Rhodes about Lesson Gass quotation that serves as an epigraph to Lesson I thank Frederick C.
Mish of the G. For several years, I have had the good fortune to work with a good colleague and friend whose careful thinking has helped me think better about many matters, both professional and personal, Don Freeman. And at beginning and end still, Joan, whose patience and love flow more generously than I deserve.
Acknowledgments xi In Memoriam Joseph M. Williams, — il miglior fabbro [the best craftsman] by Gregory G. Colomb On February 22, the world lost a great scholar and teacher, and I lost a dear friend.
For almost thirty years, Joe Williams and I taught together, researched together, wrote together, drank together, traveled together, and argued together and apart. I knew his faults, but he was the best man I knew. In the last century, T. Eliot famously said it of Ezra Pound. Of course, these poets were all known not for their clarity and grace but for their depth and difficulty.
No matter, there have been none better than they at their craft, just as there have been none better than Joe at his. And Joe has the added distinction that his craft daily multiplies its good a thousand fold and more, in all those papers, reports, memos, and other documents that have served their readers better because of him.
In Memoriam Gregory G. Colomb, — Our greatest happiness does not depend on the condition of life in which chance has placed us, but is always the result of a good conscience, good health, occupation, and freedom in all just pursuits. He also taught those of us who knew him to live better. Uncompromising in his intellectual and scholarly standards, he was unstinting in his professional and personal generosity. He possessed a supreme self-confidence, and he was confident enough to sincerely admire others.
He laughed easily and was the best storyteller I knew. P a r t O n e Style as Choice Have something to say, and say it as clearly as you can. That is the only secret of style. It comes of endeavouring to understand others, of thinking for them rather than yourself— or thinking, that is, with the heart as well as the head. The first is self-evident, especially to those who read a lot of writing like this: An understanding of the causal factors involved in excessive drinking by students could lead to their more effective treatment.
It is a problem that has afflicted generations of writers who have hidden their ideas not only from their readers, but sometimes even from themselves. When we read that kind of writing in government regulations, we call it bureaucratese; in legal documents, legalese; in academic writing that inflates small ideas into gassy abstractions, academese.
Written carelessly or, worse, deliberately, it is in its extreme forms a language of exclusion that a democracy cannot tolerate. It is also a problem with a long history. We might expect scientists to communicate the facts clearly and simply, but the complex style had spread to their writing as well.
As one complained, Of all the studies of men, nothing may sooner be obtained than this vicious abundance of phrase, this trick of metaphors, this volubility of tongue which makes so great a noise in the world. Sad to say, he sparked no revolution in our national prose style.
A half century later, James Fenimore Cooper complained about our writing: The love of turgid expressions is gaining ground, and ought to be corrected.
Style Ten Lessons In Clarity And Grace Syntax Ten-PDF Free Download
Wayne Schiess's legal-writing blog. Home is here: Legalwriting. Here are ten clear-writing principles I teach my students: Use effective, readable typefaces and type sizes. Keep sentences and paragraphs short. Use headings to create obvious, large-scale organization. Use moderate enumeration and tabulation for small-scale organization. Use concrete nouns as subjects; use concrete verbs.
Style - Joseph Williams
The best-selling style book, Style Ten Lessons in Clarity and Grace, Seventh Edition , presents principles of writing to help students diagnose their prose quickly and revise it effectively. The four sections-Style as Choice, Clarity, Grace, and Ethics-feature new principles of effective prose, chapter summaries for quick and easy review, and group exercises that encourage students to work. Creative Commons License This work is licensed under aCreative Style ten lessons in clarity and grace. Joseph M Williams Home. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews or Search WorldCat.
The first edition of the novel was published in , and was written by Joseph M. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of pages and is available in Paperback format. We can begin by cutting the needless and virtually meaningless words from the first few sentences in the example paragraph above—words including "in a variety of forms," "as they always have been," "various," and "in terms of.
Joseph M. Williams, Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics, 1933 – 2008
And this :. But for writers trying to develop their skills, such well-meant exhortations all too easily become sacrosanct rules. The trouble is that too much reverence for rules can banish perfectly good writing strategies. Nothing can be in process, ongoing, when another action occurs or interrupts.
Covering a story? Visit our page for journalists or call Get more with UChicago News delivered to your inbox. An English professor and linguist at the University for more than three decades, Williams wrote or edited more than 10 books, including a sweeping history of the English language, but he is perhaps best-known for the book, Style: Ten Lessons in Clarity and Grace. The book, in its ninth edition, introduced an entirely new approach to writing pedagogy. What distinguished Style from other writing how-to books — from H.
Madden Shakespeare In Love student supplied, In this class you will write three analytical well researched and meticulously documented. ALL your clauses and bold face the verbs of those grammatical subjects The assignment. Please note in the assignment s requirement for underlining bold facing the assignment is not. Change Lives a sample teacher definition about my 7th grade art teacher Mrs Winters The.
Voted 1 site for Buying Textbooks. Engaging and direct, Style Lessons in Clarity and Grace is the guidebook for anyone who wants to write well. Williams own clear, accessible style models the kind of writing that audiencesboth in college and afterwill admire. Univ summary Chapter 3 and 4.
Что он делает здесь, в Испании, зачем спорит с этим психованным подростком. Беккер резким движением взял парня под мышки, приподнял и с силой посадил на столик. - Слушай, сопливый мозгляк.
Она опустилась на стул. - В четыре сорок пять ко мне на личный телефон поступил звонок. Вы можете сказать, откуда звонили? - Он проклинал себя за то, что не выяснил этого раньше. Телефонистка нервно проглотила слюну. - На этой машине нет автоматического определителя номера, сэр.
Тридцатью метрами ниже горел купол шифровалки. Поликарбонатная крыша еще была цела, но под ее прозрачной оболочкой бушевало пламя. Внутри клубились тучи черного дыма.
Дэвид терпеливо ждал. - Сьюзан Флетчер, я люблю. Будьте моей женой. Она подняла голову. Глаза ее были полны слез.
Глядя на экран, Фонтейн увидел, как полностью исчезла первая из пяти защитных стен. - Бастион рухнул! - крикнул техник, сидевший в задней части комнаты. - Обнажился второй щит.