Arts And Crafts Of Southeast Asia Pdf

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arts 8 ARTS & CRAFTS OF SOUTHEAST ASIA -PPT.pptx

The history of Asian art includes a vast range of arts from various cultures, regions and religions across the continent of Asia. South Asian art encompasses the arts of the Indian subcontinent , with Southeast Asian art including the art of Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines. West Asian art encompasses the arts of the Near East , including the ancient art of Mesopotamia , and more recently becoming dominated by Islamic art.

In many ways, the history of art in Asia parallels the development of Western art. Excluding prehistoric art , the art of Mesopotamia represents the oldest forms of art in Asia. Nomad Folk art serves as a vital aspect of Central Asian Art. The art reflects the core of the lifestyle of nomadic groups residing within the region. One is bound to be awestruck by the beauty of semi-precious stones, quilt, carved door, and embroidered carpets that this art reflects.

Central Asia is enriched with the classical music and instruments. Some of the famous classical musical instruments were originated within the Central Asian region. Rubab , Dombra , and Chang are some of the musical instruments used in the musical arts of Central Asia. The lives of Central Asian people revolved around nomadic lifestyle. Thereby most of the Central Asian arts in the modern times are also inspired by nomadic living showcasing the golden era.

As the matter of fact, the touch of tradition and culture in Central Asian art act as a major attraction factor for the international art forums. The global recognition towards the Central Asian Art has certainly added up to its worth.

Different forms of art have been influenced by great philosophers, teachers, religious figures and even political leaders. Chinese art encompasses fine arts , folk arts and performance arts. Chinese art is art, whether modern or ancient, that originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists or performers. Also in the Song dynasty, paintings of more subtle expression of landscapes appeared, with blurred outlines and mountain contours which conveyed distance through an impressionistic treatment of natural phenomena.

It was during this period that in painting, emphasis was placed on spiritual rather than emotional elements, as in the previous period. Kunqu , the oldest extant form of Chinese opera developed during the Song Dynasty in Kunshan , near present-day Shanghai.

Gongbi means "meticulous", the rich colours and details in the picture are its main features, its content mainly depicts portraits or narratives. Xieyi means 'freehand', its form is often exaggerated and unreal, with an emphasis on the author's emotional expression and usually used in depicting landscapes.

In addition to paper and silk, traditional paintings have also been done on the walls, such as the Mogao Grottoes in Gansu Province. It consists of more than caves, of which caves have murals on the walls, totalling more than 45, square meters. The painting styles in early cave received influence from India and the West. The Chinese calligraphy can be traced back to the Dazhuan large seal script that appeared in the Zhou Dynasty.

The small seal script is very elegant but difficult to write quickly. Because it reveals no circles and very few curved lines, it is very suitable for fast writing. After that, the Kaishu style traditional regular script has appeared, and its structure is simpler and neater, this script is still widely used today. Early jade was used as an ornament or sacrificial utensils.

The earliest Chinese carved-jade object appeared in the Hemudu culture in the early Neolithic period about — BCE. During the Shang dynasty c.

In the Zhou Dynasty — bce , due to the using of higher hardness engraving tools, jades were carved more delicately and began to be used as a pendant or ornament in clothing. Porcelain is a kind of ceramics made from kaolin at high temperature. The earliest ceramics in China appeared in the Shang Dynasty c. And the production of ceramics laid the foundation for the invention of porcelain.

In the Song Dynasty , Jingdezhen was selected as the royal porcelain production centre and began to produce blue and white porcelain. After the end of the last feudal dynasty in China , with the rise of the new cultural movement , Chinese artists began to be influenced by Western art and began to integrate Western art into Chinese culture. It was popular with many people and became the most affordable way to entertain at the time.

Tibetan art is first and foremost a form of sacred art , reflecting the over-riding influence of Tibetan Buddhism on these cultures. The Sand Mandala Tib : kilkhor is a Tibetan Buddhist tradition which symbolises the transitory nature of things. As part of Buddhist canon, all things material are seen as transitory. A sand mandala is an example of this, being that once it has been built and its accompanying ceremonies and viewing are finished, it is systematically destroyed.

As Mahayana Buddhism emerged as a separate school in the 4th century BC it emphasized the role of bodhisattvas , compassionate beings who forgo their personal escape to Nirvana in order to assist others.

From an early time various bodhisattvas were also subjects of statuary art. Tibetan Buddhism, as an offspring of Mahayana Buddhism, inherited this tradition. But the additional dominating presence of the Vajrayana or Buddhist tantra may have had an overriding importance in the artistic culture. A common bodhisattva depicted in Tibetan art is the deity Chenrezig Avalokitesvara , often portrayed as a thousand-armed saint with an eye in the middle of each hand, representing the all-seeing compassionate one who hears our requests.

This deity can also be understood as a Yidam , or 'meditation Buddha' for Vajrayana practice. Tibetan Buddhism contains Tantric Buddhism , also known as Vajrayana Buddhism for its common symbolism of the vajra , the diamond thunderbolt known in Tibetan as the dorje. Most of the typical Tibetan Buddhist art can be seen as part of the practice of tantra. A visual aspect of Tantric Buddhism is the common representation of wrathful deities , often depicted with angry faces, circles of flame, or with the skulls of the dead.

These images represent the Protectors Skt. Actually, their wrath represents their dedication to the protection of the dharma teaching as well as to the protection of the specific tantric practices to prevent corruption or disruption of the practice.

They are most importantly used as wrathful psychological aspects that can be used to conquer the negative attitudes of the practitioner. Historians note that Chinese painting had a profound influence on Tibetan painting in general. Starting from the 14th and 15th century, Tibetan painting had incorporated many elements from the Chinese, and during the 18th century, Chinese painting had a deep and far-stretched impact on Tibetan visual art.

Japanese art and architecture is works of art produced in Japan from the beginnings of human habitation there, sometime in the 10th millennium BC, to the present. Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture in wood and bronze, ink painting on silk and paper, and a myriad of other types of works of art; from ancient times until the contemporary 21st century.

The art form rose to great popularity in the metropolitan culture of Edo Tokyo during the second half of the 17th century, originating with the single-color works of Hishikawa Moronobu in the s. At first, only India ink was used, then some prints were manually colored with a brush, but in the 18th century Suzuki Harunobu developed the technique of polychrome printing to produce nishiki-e.

As with the history of Japanese arts in general, the history of Japanese painting is a long history of synthesis and competition between native Japanese aesthetics and adaptation of imported ideas.

The origins of painting in Japan date well back into Japan's prehistoric period. Ancient Japanese sculpture was mostly derived from the idol worship in Buddhism or animistic rites of Shinto deity.

In particular, sculpture among all the arts came to be most firmly centered around Buddhism. Materials traditionally used were metal—especially bronze —and, more commonly, wood, often lacquered , gilded , or brightly painted.

By the end of the Tokugawa period , such traditional sculpture — except for miniaturized works — had largely disappeared because of the loss of patronage by Buddhist temples and the nobility. Ukiyo , meaning "floating world", refers to the impetuous young culture that bloomed in the urban centers of Edo modern-day Tokyo , Osaka , and Kyoto that were a world unto themselves.

Korean art is noted for its traditions in pottery, music, calligraphy, painting, sculpture, and other genres, often marked by the use of bold color, natural forms, precise shape and scale, and surface decoration.

While there are clear and distinguishing differences between three independent cultures, there are significant and historical similarities and interactions between the arts of Korea , China and Japan. The study and appreciation of Korean art is still at a formative stage in the West. However, recent scholars have begun to acknowledge Korea's own unique art, culture and important role in not only transmitting Chinese culture but assimilating it and creating a unique culture of its own.

An art given birth to and developed by a nation is its own art. Generally, the history of Korean painting is dated to approximately C. Between that time and the paintings and frescoes that appear on the Goryeo dynasty tombs, there has been little research.

Suffice to say that til the Joseon dynasty the primary influence was Chinese painting though done with Korean landscapes, facial features, Buddhist topics, and an emphasis on celestial observation in keeping with the rapid development of Korean astronomy. Throughout the history of Korean painting, there has been a constant separation of monochromatic works of black brushwork on very often mulberry paper or silk; and the colourful folk art or min-hwa , ritual arts, tomb paintings, and festival arts which had extensive use of colour.

This distinction was often class-based: scholars, particularly in Confucian art felt that one could see colour in monochromatic paintings within the gradations and felt that the actual use of colour coarsened the paintings, and restricted the imagination.

Korean folk art, and painting of architectural frames was seen as brightening certain outside wood frames, and again within the tradition of Chinese architecture, and the early Buddhist influences of profuse rich thalo and primary colours inspired by Art of India. Contemporary art in Korea: The first example of Western-style oil painting in Korean art was in the self-portraits of Korean artist Ko Hu i-dong — Only three of these works still remain today. One being a sense of enlightenment due to western ideas and art styles.

This enlightenment derived from an intellectual movement of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Ko had been painting with this method during a period of Japan's annexation of Korea. During this time many claimed his art could have been political, however, he himself stated he was an artist and not a politician. Ko stated "While I was in Tokyo, a very curious thing happened. At that time there were fewer than one hundred Korean students in Tokyo.

All of us were drinking the new air and embarking on new studies, but there were some who mocked my choice to study art. A close friend said that it was not right for me to study painting in such a time as this. Korean pottery was recognized as early as BCE.

This pottery was also referred to as comb-patterned pottery due to the decorative lines carved onto the outside. So, they used the pottery to store fish and other things collected from the ocean such as shellfish. Pottery had two main regional distinctions. Those from the East coast tends to have a flat base, whereas pottery on the South coast had a round base. Buddhist art originated in the Indian subcontinent in the centuries following the life of the historical Gautama Buddha in the 6th to 5th century BCE, before evolving through its contact with other cultures and its diffusion through the rest of Asia and the world.

Buddhist art traveled with believers as the dharma spread, adapted, and evolved in each new host country. It developed to the north through Central Asia and into East Asia to form the Northern branch of Buddhist art, and to the east as far as Southeast Asia to form the Southern branch of Buddhist art.

In India, Buddhist art flourished and even influenced the development of Hindu art, until Buddhism nearly disappeared in India around the 10th century CE due in part to the vigorous expansion of Islam alongside Hinduism.

Art Without History? Southeast Asian Artists and their Communities in the Face of Geography

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The history of Asian art includes a vast range of arts from various cultures, regions and religions across the continent of Asia. South Asian art encompasses the arts of the Indian subcontinent , with Southeast Asian art including the art of Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines. West Asian art encompasses the arts of the Near East , including the ancient art of Mesopotamia , and more recently becoming dominated by Islamic art. In many ways, the history of art in Asia parallels the development of Western art. Excluding prehistoric art , the art of Mesopotamia represents the oldest forms of art in Asia. Nomad Folk art serves as a vital aspect of Central Asian Art. The art reflects the core of the lifestyle of nomadic groups residing within the region.

However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties. Borrowed materials i. Every effort has been exerted to locate and seek permission to use these materials from their respective copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim ownership over them.


In this module you will learn about the folk arts of Southeast Asia, Mainland. (​Thailand understand the nature of Southeast Asian arts and crafts and how they affect arcomalaga.org​pdf.


Arts Quarter 1 Module 9 Amazing Crafts of Southeast Asia

Click to see full answer Just so, what are the folk arts of Southeast Asia? Best traditional performing arts in South-east Asia Khon, Thailand. This Thai masked dance, originally performed by only men, involves singing, dancing, acting and acrobatics, all meticulously choreographed to the rousing sounds of a live orchestra.

Southeast Asian arts , the literary, performing, and visual arts of Southeast Asia. Although the cultural development of the area was once dominated by Indian influence, a number of cohesive traits predate the Indian influence. Wet-rice or padi agriculture, metallurgy, navigation, ancestor cults, and worship associated with mountains were both indigenous and widespread, and certain art forms not derived from India—for example, batik textiles, gamelan orchestras, and the wayang puppet theatre—remain popular. The term Southeast Asia refers to the huge peninsula of Indochina and the extensive archipelago of what is sometimes called the East Indies. The region can be subdivided into mainland Southeast Asia and insular Southeast Asia.

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History of Asian art

We are observing strict physical distancing and hygiene measures to protect the health of visitors and staff and minimise the spread of COVID coronavirus. Read the latest visit information, including hours. Cambodia Elephant shaped jar, Angkor period — , 11th centuryth century. Tenganan, Bali, Indonesia Geringsing, circa Cambodia Hevajra mandala, 12th centuryth century. Central Kalimantan, Indonesia Hampatong, late 19th century-early 20th century.

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4 Response
  1. Brandon P.

    A bronze standing Buddha : Sculpted in the Mon Dwaravati style, this bronze statue from the 7th century has an idealized rather than realistic physical form, including shell-like curls for hair.

  2. Nadelina R.

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  3. ThГ©ophile B.

    For the facilitator: Welcome to the Arts 8 Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM) Module on Elements and Principles of Arts and Crafts in Southeast Asia! This module.

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