Emotional Differences Between Male And Female Pdf

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Caroline Michele Lisee, Justin S.

Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions pp Cite as.

On Gender Differences, No Consensus on Nature vs. Nurture

Small but significant gender differences in emotion expressions have been reported for adults, with women showing greater emotional expressivity, especially for positive emotions and internalizing negative emotions such as sadness. But when, developmentally, do these gender differences emerge? And what developmental and contextual factors influence their emergence? This article describes a developmental bio-psycho-social model of gender differences in emotion expression in childhood. Prior empirical research supporting the model, at least with mostly White middle-class U. Limitations to the extant literature and future directions for research on gender and child emotion are suggested. Interestingly, although women may be more expressive of most emotions, at least in Western cultures, men show equal or greater levels of physiological arousal, for example with men showing greater blood pressure and cortisol responses to emotionally arousing stressors e.

Biological Theories of Gender

By Saul McLeod , published People often get confused between the terms sex and gender. Sex refers to biological differences between males and females. For example, chromosomes female XX, male XY , reproductive organs ovaries, testes , hormones oestrogen, testosterone. In the past people tend to have very clear ideas about what was appropriate to each sex and anyone behaving differently was regarded as deviant. Today we accept a lot more diversity and see gender as a continuum i. Gender is determined by two biological factors: hormones and chromosomes.

Kira S. Birditt, Karen L. This study examines age and gender differences in descriptions of emotional reactions and reports of the intensity and duration of those emotional responses to interpersonal tensions. As part of a larger study, 85 male and female participants aged 13 to 99 described the last time they were upset with members of their social networks. Participants then described how they felt and rated the intensity and duration of their distress.

Gender differences in Mental Health

The relationship between gender and emotional expression describes differences in how men and women express their emotions. A prevalent gender stereotype is that women are naturally more emotionally expressive than men, [1] and are naturally more prone to express discrete emotions such as happiness, fear, disgust, and sadness. However, psychological research has concluded that the observed emotional differences between men and women primarily stem from socialized gender roles , rather than biology. Thus, the range of emotional expression that certain populations experience is based largely on cultural expectations of femininity and masculinity.

Gender differences in perceptions of emotionality: The case of close heterosexual relationships

A new Pew Research Center survey finds that majorities of Americans say men and women are basically different in the way they express their feelings, their physical abilities, their personal interests and their approach to parenting. But there is no public consensus on the origins of these differences. While women who perceive differences generally attribute them to societal expectations, men tend to point to biological differences. The public also sees vastly different pressure points for men and women as they navigate their roles in society. When asked in an open-ended question what traits society values most in men and women, the differences were also striking. Far fewer cite these as examples of what society values most in women. The survey also finds a sense among the public that society places a higher premium on masculinity than it does on femininity.

This could be because, when asked, women are more likely to report symptoms of common mental health problems. The reasons for this are unclear, but are thought to be due to both social and biological factors. It has also been suggested that depression in men may have been under diagnosed because they present to their GP with different symptoms, for example a range of physical, stress related symptoms. National Institute For Clinical Excellence, Women are twice as likely to experience anxiety as men. The Office for National Statistics Psychiatric Morbidity report, Differences in the extent of mental health problems Mental health problems affect women and men equally, but some are more common among women. Treatments need to be sensitive to and reflect gender differences. Various social factors put women at greater risk of poor mental health than men.


Results are showing there is no more significant difference between hostalize male and female. Keywords: Emotional Expression. Introduction. Emotion is a.


Gender and Emotion

Collabra: Psychology 1 January ; 5 1 : Shared rationality is the common ground of scientific progress. However, some theorists have argued that this common ground may not be level, in that subtle assumptions embedded within lay views of rationality marginalize some would-be participants.

Previous research suggests some support for the stereotype that women are the more emotional gender, but very little research has examined whether women are more emotional than men in the context of close relationships. We examined gender differences in reports of emotions experienced and expressed in close heterosexual relationships. A sample of couples at different stages of relationship involvement , most of whom were white and from middle-class backgrounds, responded to a list of 25 positive and negative emotions three times.

Gender and emotional expression

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2 Response
  1. Jannifer R.

    The findings suggest that, when watching videos that induce an emotional response, men often have more intense emotional experiences, whereas women have higher emotional expressivity, particularly for negative emotions. In addition, gender differences depend on the specific emotion type but not the valence.

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