Psychological Reactance A Theory Of Freedom And Control Pdf

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Psychological Reactance

Mona A. Clee, Robert A. A theory about psychological freedom is reviewed in terms of its broad applicability to consumer behavior. Promotional influence, manipulative advertisements, product unavailability, and government regulations are all cast as potentially freedom-threatening events, and a theory of psychological reactance details the consumer's reply to reductions in freedom. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.

Psychological reactance theory is a commonly relied upon framework for understanding audience members' resistance to persuasive health messages. This review article provides an overview of reactance research in the context of persuasive health communication. The article begins with an overview of psychological reactance theory. The major concepts of the theory are discussed, as well as recent developments by communication researchers in measuring reactance. Following this, contemporary reactance research in the context of persuasive health communication is summarized. An emphasis is placed on research examining message features associated with reactance, as well as the moderating role of trait reactance. The article concludes with a discussion of several promising directions for future research.

Understanding Psychological Reactance

Control Motivation and Social Cognition pp Cite as. It held that people believe they have specific behavioral freedoms, and when those freedoms are threatened or eliminated in any way, the individual becomes motivated reactance to reinstate them. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Advertisement Hide.

Since Brehm first proposed reactance theory in , many studies have explored the remarkable psychological phenomenon of reactance, which Miron and Brehm reviewed in We present an overview of research that has been done since then. A variety of studies have provided interesting new insights into the theory, adding to what is known about the phenomenon of reactance and the processes activated when people are confronted with threats to their freedom. Nevertheless, many issues that have not been clarified remain to be examined. We therefore close with proposing some suggestions for future research. Why would a person sometimes dislike receiving a favor? Why is propaganda frequently ineffective in persuading people?


PDF | Psychological reactance theory (PRT; Brehm, ) posits that when something or eliminates people's freedom of behavior, they experience psychological reactance, sense of lost control or surrender Wortman and.


Psychological Reactance: A Theory of Freedom and Control

When you put your quarters in a softdrink machine, you would not like the machine to start flashing a large Coca Cola sign at you, complete with a flashing arrow that keeps moving to the button for Coke Classical, of course. Or at least I don't think you would like that, even if you intended to obtain a Coke when you started to put your quarters in the machine. It was my belief that people would not like to be treated this way that led to the construction of reactance theory. Having noted similar kinds of examples in life around me, I was impressed that people responded negatively to influence attempts hat did not frustrate or even threaten to frustrate them, and sometimes the attempted influence was apparently in their own best interest. Eventually I went so far as to think that people would respond negatively to relatively impersonal influence attempts, as in the above example with a soft drink machine, and even to their own impulses and behavior.

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Control, Its Loss, and Psychological Reactance

Кажется, придется повозиться дольше, чем ожидалось, - это был звонок с мобильника. С мобильника, - мысленно повторил Нуматака.  - Это кое-что .

 - Беккер улыбнулся и поднял коробку.  - Я, пожалуй, пойду. Меня ждет самолет.  - Он еще раз оглядел комнату. - Вас подбросить в аэропорт? - предложил лейтенант - Мой Мото Гуччи стоит у подъезда. - Спасибо, не стоит.


Brehm & Brehm (). Psychological Reactance: A Theory of Freedom and Control. ○ Department of Psychology, University of Kansas.


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Стратмор сидел за современным письменным столом с двумя клавиатурами и монитором в расположенной сбоку нише. Стол был завален компьютерными распечатками и выглядел каким-то чужеродным в этом задернутом шторами помещении. - Тяжелая неделя? - спросила. - Не тяжелей, чем обычно.  - Стратмор пожал плечами.  - Фонд электронных границ замучил неприкосновенностью частной жизни и переписки. Сьюзан хмыкнула.

Есть ли у него оружие. Откроет ли он вовремя дверцу кабины.

 Подожди! - крикнул.  - Подожди. Меган с силой толкнула стенку секции, но та не поддавалась. С ужасом девушка увидела, что сумка застряла в двери. Она наклонилась и что было сил потянула ее, стараясь высвободить застрявшую часть.

 Zumo de arandano, - с удивлением услышал он собственный голос.  - Клюквенный сок. Бармен смотрел на него озадаченно. - Solo? - Клюквенный сок популярен в Испании, но пить его в чистом виде - неслыханное. - Si, - сказал Беккер.

За окном не было ничего, кроме беспросветного мрака. Шифровалка исчезла. ГЛАВА 57 В туалетных комнатах шифровалки не было окон, и Сьюзан Флетчер оказалась в полной темноте.

 Как ее зовут? - Женщина лукаво подмигнула. - Меган, - сказал он печально. - Я полагаю, что у вашей подруги есть и фамилия. Беккер шумно вздохнул. Разумеется.

Я протестую против ваших инсинуаций в отношении моего заместителя, который якобы лжет. Я протестую… - У нас вирус, сэр. Моя интуиция подсказывает мне… - Что ж, ваша интуиция на сей раз вас обманула, мисс Милкен. В первый раз в жизни. Мидж стояла на своем: - Но, сэр.

Я не намерен информировать президента за спиной директора. У нас возник кризис, и я пытаюсь с ним справиться.  - Он задумчиво посмотрел на.  - Я являюсь заместителем оперативного директора агентства.

5 Response
  1. Madeleine F.

    Throughout the paper we outline some of these future directions. Keywords: psychological reactance, motivation, difficulty of restoring freedom.

  2. Temprecomta

    Thomas de quincy on the knocking at the gate in macbeth pdf line social research methods pdf download

  3. Natalio O.

    Psychological Reactance: A Theory of Freedom and Control provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of reactance theory.

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