File Name: what is peace studies and conflict resolution all about .zip
- Fundamentals of Peace Studies & Conflict Resolutions
- Studying Peace and Conflict
- Conflict Resolution & Peace Studies
Fundamentals of Peace Studies & Conflict Resolutions
War, violence, poverty, oppression, and other sources of human suffering are common throughout history, manifesting themselves differently in different times and settings. It is often noted, for example, that the 20th century brought with it a uniquely global scale of tragedy, most clearly represented by the two World Wars, the proliferation of violence around the world following the fall of the Soviet Union, and most recently the increasing levels of inequality within and between nations.
The beginning of 21st century on the other hand has displayed both continuity and change with the decades preceding it. Patterns of genocide and ethnicized violence, as transpired repeatedly in the 's, continue today in places like Darfur, while the newfound focus on terrorism has shifted attention away from many more traditional issues and perspectives in world politics.
Mirroring this long record of human ills, attempts to critically analyze, understand, and respond to major sources of conflict and suffering also stretch far back in time. Again, however, it was only in the last century that the world finally saw the emergence of a large and diverse range of ideas, institutions, organizations, and social movements dedicated to spreading and strengthening peace and justice on a global scale. Key to these developments has been the increasing attention given by intellectuals and researchers to the rigorous study and theorizing of conflict, violence, and peace, and the application of many of these ideas by practitioners, activists, and even world leaders.
In the last two decades especially, the United Nations and various other types of governmental and non-governmental organizations have focused heavily on engaging with violent conflict and other contemporary problems afflicting various areas of the world.
The field was later spurred on by the anti-colonialism and human rights movements, the nuclear arms race between the US and the USSR, the large amount of violent conflicts that broke out in the 's, and the response to these conflicts by various actors and especially the United Nations system.
Today, peace and conflicts studies is an extremely broad and interdisciplinary field that is studied at universities throughout Europe, North and South America, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Because it encompasses such a wide range of issues from war and humanitarian intervention to peacebuilding and international cooperation to sustainable development and social justice, peace and conflict studies scholars can draw on traditional disciplines such as history, philosophy, geography, and political economy, the full range of the social sciences, as well as more applied fields such as law, war studies, international relations, human rights, development studies, policy studies, and public administration.
Moreover, much of the research in this area comes not only from universities and think tanks, but also from practitioners working at the assortment of governmental and non-governmental organizations actively engaged in policy-making, advocacy, and on-the-ground activities around these issues. Besides its firmly interdisciplinary character, what therefore distinguishes peace and conflict studies from other fields of inquiry is its strong normative commitment to resolving conflict and promoting peace while minimizing violence and suffering and maximizing justice.
The challenge for the field today is to continue to maintain its critical interdisciplinary perspective, while at the same time remaining relevant to and engaged with real-world policy and action. Studying Peace and Conflict Understanding War and Violence War, violence, poverty, oppression, and other sources of human suffering are common throughout history, manifesting themselves differently in different times and settings.
Studying Peace and Conflict
Abstract Peace studies seeks to understand the negation of violence through conflict transformation, cooperation and harmony by drawing from many disciplines, including psychology, sociology and anthropology, political science, economics, international relations, international law and history.
Conflict Resolution & Peace Studies
Students in this program will explore the causes and consequences of various forms of violence, as well as the conditions of peace. In exploring peaceful alternatives to violence, they will learn to understand peace as a multifaceted vision for transformed human relations. In addition to gaining a more sophisticated understanding of peace and conflict, students will also learn about and practice the skills necessary for the peaceful resolution of conflicts.
Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts including social conflicts , with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition. This social science is in contrast to military studies , which has as its aim on the efficient attainment of victory in conflicts, primarily by violent means to the satisfaction of one or more, but not all, parties involved. Disciplines involved may include philosophy , political science , geography , economics , psychology , sociology , international relations , history , anthropology , religious studies , and gender studies , as well as a variety of others. Relevant sub-disciplines of such fields, such as peace economics , may be regarded as belonging to peace and conflict studies also. Peace and conflict studies is both a pedagogical activity, in which teachers transmit knowledge to students; and a research activity, in which researchers create new knowledge about the sources of conflict.
Si, - сказал Беккер. - Solo.
- Позволь, я переберусь наверх. - Но немец даже не шевельнулся. Росио изо всех сил уперлась руками в его массивные плечи.
Что я здесь делаю? - пробормотал. Ответ был очень простым: есть люди, которым не принято отвечать. - Мистер Беккер, - возвестил громкоговоритель.
Первой из них были предоставляемые ею данные. Бринкерхофф терпеливо ждал, пока она изучала цифры. - Хм-м, - наконец произнесла. - Вчерашняя статистика безукоризненна: вскрыто двести тридцать семь кодов, средняя стоимость - восемьсот семьдесят четыре доллара.