Strengths And Weaknesses Of Oral Tradition Pdf

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Please click this link to download the chapter. Some of the beliefs and institutions of the past may seem alien to us, others may also seem too familiar. But in either case, when we study the people of the past, what we are really learning about is the rich diversity of human experience.

1: Historiography and Historical Skills

African and Africanist historians have professed the value and reliability of oral traditions for the reconstruction of the history of African peoples. Their weaknesses as a source of historical reconstruction have been argued as no worse than those of other sources of history, including written records. Various processes have been developed for the mitigation of these weaknesses by the methodical gathering and treatment of oral traditions. This has also involved the conceptualization of oral tradition and the classification of the genres that make up oral traditions. Each of these typologies has peculiar treatment types. Oral traditions, among many African peoples, are more complex, better-organized forms of recording history than the stories and legends of some other preliterate societies.

Oral Traditions

There are obvious problems with the use of oral traditions. Critics easily point out that they lack absolute chronology, are extremely selective in their content, and are compromised by possible human errors. William G. Clarence-Smith argued that the value of using oral traditions has been not for their intrinsic worth but sentimental, as they offer African historians the opportunity to present an independent history, "uncontaminated by colonialism. The use of oral traditions demands a distinct professionalism that is not altogether dissimilar to that employed by historians who rely on other, "conventional" sources. Historians employing oral traditions, though, need to acquire additional qualities, including, as Phillips Stevens has commented, intuition, which is not usually required by conventional historians.

Alessandro Portelli once said To speak is to preserve the teller from oblivion. Portelli is trying to explain how important the documentation of people's lives through the spoken word is. Without this form of history the true voice of people and groups of people would disappear forever and that would be a crime. Since the very beginning of time humans have told stories, sang songs and recited poems to convey experiences of themselves or people from the past, this process of distributing wisdom is quintessentially in every person in the world. Thus as a result historians have ceased upon this opportunity to understand the past more accurately through what may be considered as a biographical interview and so since the 's when this started to be used as a research tool the techniques have been refined to include a set of moral standards and techniques which allow the interviewer to extract more information from the interviewee. Although this research method has been around since the 40's it is still a new method in collecting historical data and therefore has had criticisms directed at it from more traditional academic historians. The main disapproval of Oral History as a research method has always been memory and how it can discredit the interviewees story.

By interviewing people who have memories of the past or who retain recollections given to them by members of older generations we have a potentially very productive way of discovering and preserving the history of parish congregations and communities. By conducting interviews with long-standing members of churches and communities we can add significant dimensions to our understanding of the past. Oral history can be lots of fun for the researcher, a great way of involving others in the research process and an invaluable means of preserving and remembering the history of the church or congregation. Although it is important to be aware of the potential pitfalls described above, oral history is still an excellent way of finding out information about a church or community. Here are some tips:. Oral History Print version [PDF 25KB] How to use Oral History By interviewing people who have memories of the past or who retain recollections given to them by members of older generations we have a potentially very productive way of discovering and preserving the history of parish congregations and communities. It can bring history to life — giving insights into the life of the church and community, how it functioned and how people felt.

What Are the Advantages of Oral Tradition?

Post a comment. Missionaries came to East Africa for various reasons. These were economic, social, and humanitarian in nature.

Strengths and Weaknesses of Oral History as a Research Method

Pre-University Paper, 2006

 - Включи свет. - Прочитаешь за дверью. А теперь выходи. Но Мидж эта ситуация явно доставляла удовольствие. Она подошла к окну, вертя бумагу перед глазами, чтобы найти лучший угол для падения лунного света. - Мидж… пошли.

 И. - Итак, ТРАНСТЕКСТ вскрывает один шифр в среднем за шесть минут. Последний файл обычно попадает в машину около полуночи. И не похоже, что… - Что? - Бринкерхофф даже подпрыгнул. Мидж смотрела на цифры, не веря своим глазам. - Этот файл, тот, что загрузили вчера вечером… - Ну. - Шифр еще не вскрыт.

Голоса показались ему знакомыми. Он толкнул дверь.

Его костюм выглядел так, будто он в нем спал. Стратмор сидел за современным письменным столом с двумя клавиатурами и монитором в расположенной сбоку нише. Стол был завален компьютерными распечатками и выглядел каким-то чужеродным в этом задернутом шторами помещении. - Тяжелая неделя? - спросила. - Не тяжелей, чем обычно.

 - Что еще это может. Иначе Танкадо не отдал бы ключ. Какой идиот станет делать на кольце надпись из произвольных букв. Фонтейн свирепым взглядом заставил его замолчать. - Вы меня слышите? - вмешался Беккер, чувствуя себя неловко.

Дэвид посмотрел ей в глаза: - Ты выйдешь за меня замуж.

 Еще пять миль. - Куда мы едем. Парень расплылся в широкой улыбке. - А то ты не знаешь. Беккер пожал плечами.

Дэвид даже вздрогнул от неожиданности. - Простите. - Проваливай и умри, - повторил немец, приложив левую ладонь к жирному правому локтю, имитируя итальянский жест, символизирующий грязное ругательство.

Фонтейн даже глазом не повел. - Каким временем мы располагаем.

4 Response
  1. Jeanette L.

    Oral communication has several advantages and disadvantages, compared to written communication, which has several advantages too and a few disadvantages.

  2. Maximilian S.

    Strengths and Weaknesses of Oral History as a Research Method - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or.

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